It is one of the oldest and oldest districts of Istanbul. During the Ottoman period, Fatih was directly referred to as the main Istanbul within the city wall, which was accepted as the centre of Istanbul. Fatih is geographically classified as a peninsula, with Zeytinburnu and Eyüp districts to the west and Beyoğlu district to the north.
Most of this precious district, which is surrounded by the sea on three sides, the Golden Horn, the Marmara Sea and the Bosphorus, has historical artefacts included in the UNESCO protection list. It has been used as the capital for a long time both for the Roman civilization and the Ottoman Empire.
This location covers an area of approximately 16 square kilometres. The Fatih district, which consists of 57 neighborhoods in total, takes its name from Mehmet the conqueror, who personally conquered Istanbul and included it within the Ottoman borders. Its total population is around 443 thousand. Fatih is one of the locations of critical importance for Istanbul’s social and cultural life.
History of Fatih
Until the beginning of the 19th century, Istanbul was a location expressing only the Fatih region. In this context, the history of Fatih is also considered as the history of Istanbul. Istanbul has been among the world’s largest and most important cities in all processes from the 4th century until today.
Therefore, it has always found a place for itself in the history scene. In the city, which was under the auspices of the Greek city-state called Byzantine in ancient times, serious development activities were carried out in this period to make the settlement permanent.
Considered an important settlement by the Roman Empire, especially in the mid-300s, Constantinople is a location where many emperors lived and contributed to structures such as churches and baths. During the Byzantine Empire, the city maintained its existence as the most important and only centre.
During this period, structures such as the hippodrome and Hagia Sophia, the most important structures of Roman civilization, were built. Acting as a bridge between East and West civilizations, this city entered a completely different cultural reconstruction process when it was conquered by the Ottomans in 1453.
The Fatih district of Istanbul, which was the capital of the state until the 1920s, has been described as the summit of all Ottoman culture with dozens of architectural structures such as palaces, mosques, bazaars and baths.
This location, which was managed as a single administrative structure until 1928, started to be managed by dividing it into two as Eminönü and Fatih. The two districts were re-combined and the administrative structure of the current Fatih district was determined with the law enacted in 2009.
Places to Visit in Fatih
There are many historical artefacts, museums and sightseeing areas that those who visit Fatih should see within the boundaries of the district. It is not possible to fit them in a limited time.
Especially when talking about the historical artefacts of Fatih, buildings such as the Hagia Sophia Mosque, which is considered as a UNESCO cultural heritage, are among the most important structures not only in Rome but also in the world cultural history. Likewise, masterpieces such as Süleymaniye Mosque, Topkapı Palace and Sultanahmet Mosque are proof of the immortal Ottoman traces in the region.
Likewise, Gülhane Park, which has a historical atmosphere and has a view of the pine trees and the Bosphorus, is among the places that should definitely be visited within the boundaries of the district. Apart from this, there are also shopping centres such as Historia Shopping Mall in the district for shopping enthusiasts.
Food & Beverage Places and Restaurants in Fatih
When it comes to eating and drinking in Fatih, the first thing that comes to mind is Ottoman cuisine. Especially the historical restaurants in Eminönü and Sultanahmet neighbourhoods are among the places that those who are interested in Ottoman cuisine should definitely visit.
Likewise, in the cosmopolitan structure of Fatih, there are also eating and drinking places that highlight different local flavors. Black Sea cuisine, kebab houses from Eastern Anatolia and pilaff sellers in the Unkapanı region are among the most preferred alternatives in the district. Besides, Vefa a seller of zythum is also considered the right place to experience the drink that has become the symbol of this rare district in Fatih’s historical environment.
Vefa a Seller of Zythum
Eastern Anatolian Cuisine & Kebab Houses
The Black Sea Cuisine
Unkapanı Pilaff Seller