Çatalca names after the peninsula on the European side of Istanbul. Çatalca stands out as the largest district of the city in terms of surface area. Its total area is 1291 square kilometers. Çatalca district has a population value of only 70 thousand, inversely proportional to this.
Within this information, the population density of Çatalca district is extremely low. Most of it is covered with forest. Çatalca is 55 kilometres from Istanbul’s city centre. In addition to all these, Silivri is neighbours with Büyükçekmece and Arnavutköy districts. Çatalca district has a very long coastline from the north to the Black Sea. It is the continuation of the Yıldız Mountains, one of the most important mountains of Thrace, in the north of the district.
There are hills covered with North Forests. Considering this information, it has its own unique natural beauty. We can say that the Çatalca district is described as the hidden paradise of Istanbul. With its Durusu Lake and many streams flowing into this lake, Çatalca district promises an unforgettable nature experience to its visitors.
Apart from this, villa-type houses in certain parts of the district, where there are real estate opportunities that only appeal to a certain investor mass, are especially popular by local capital owners.
History of Çatalca
Historically, in the first sources related to the region, Çatalca was called Metron or Metris. It is not known exactly why it was called by this name. However, it is thought that it may have been founded by Ayametris, one of the important generals of Alexander the Great. It has a history of 2500 years under the Roman Period.
It has been determined that the first settlements in Çatalca date back to 450 BC. However, there are also rumours in the records that these regions, which were raided by the tribes of the Tatar race, were destroyed and the settlements were destroyed. In the Byzantine period, as an extension of Istanbul, Çatalca was used as an important settlement outside the city.
In fact, according to historical records, it is located directly on the route of the roads to Istanbul. This location was also known as the gate of Istanbul, that is, Byzantium at that time. One of the most important pieces of information about the ancient history of Çatalca is related to the European Huns.
The Huns of Europe, which advanced towards the Balkans in the 375’s, later, reached Büyükçekmece and Çatalca under the leadership of Emperor Attila. They returned to Europe by taxing the Byzantine Empire. After this daring move of Attila, the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius I had to build the Anastasius Wall, which stretches from the Black Sea coast of Çatalca to Silivri.
Strangely enough, this structure, which is the largest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China, was built to stop the Huns like the Great Wall of China. Since it was not possible to have soldiers in every part of these gigantic walls stretching from the Black Sea to the Marmara, Byzantium built towers and castles behind the walls in Çatalca and aimed to strengthen its military presence in the region.
There are rumours that some Byzantine outposts and castles in the region were conquered during the time of Murat I before the conquest in the Ottoman period. Likewise, it is known that Yıldırım Bayezid captured this region completely and then set out to siege Istanbul.
However, when the siege failed, Çatalca changed hands again. Finally, it is recorded in the records that it was captured by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, 50 days before the conquest, after a 4-month coercive war. Çatalca, which has always maintained its importance during the Ottoman period, had critical importance during both the 94 War and the Balkan Wars. In Çatalca, which continued to maintain its military importance during the Republic years, it ensured the security of Istanbul by establishing a serious defence line of the Turkish army before World War II.
Since Marshal Fevzi Çakmak was serving as the Chief of General Staff at that time, this line was named Çakmak Line. Apart from this, Çatalca was temporarily made a province following a strategic decision to be taken during the exchange process in 1924. Later, with the decision taken in the Turkish Grand National Assembly in 1926, it was reconnected to Istanbul and obtained the status of a district.
Places to visit in Çatalca
As explained in the paragraphs above, Çatalca is very important both in terms of history and natural beauties. In this context, there are many places to visit for those who visit the district. Especially the Anastasius Walls, one of the oldest ancient ruins in the region, are visited by people who prioritize exploring the history of the region.
Besides, Çilingoz Nature Park, located on the coastline in the northernmost part of Istanbul, is a location that should be visited especially by those who want to integrate with nature.
Food & Beverage places and restaurants in Çatalca
When it comes to eating and drinking in Çatalca, the first places that come to mind are places that
are intertwined with nature. Especially breakfast areas such as Flamingo Village promise their visitors
a service experience in an unforgettable natural environment. Apart from Flamingo Village, which is a
place frequented by visitors who enjoy having breakfast by the lake, kebab houses and meat
restaurants are also available in the district. Especially, butcher and meat restaurants referring to the
Steakhouse concept also draw the attention of visitors.
Breakfast by the Lake
Steak and Meat Restaurants
Buffet Station Food Options